Table of Contents

Education:

 

1846: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (42nd​ in class)​

Occupation Before the Civil War:

1846 – 1847: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, Mounted Rifles​

1846: Garrison duty at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri​

1847: Wounded during the Battle of Cerro Gordo Mexico​

1847: Brevetted 1st​ Lt. for Gallantry at Battle of Cerro Gordo​

1847: Brevetted Captain for Gallantry at Garita De Belen​

1847 – 1853: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, Mounted Rifles​

1848 – 1856: Aide on Major General P.F. Smith’s Staff​

1853 – 1861: 1st​ Lt. United States Army, Mounted Rifles​

1856 – 1857: Frontier Duty at Fort Fillmore, New Mexico​

1857: Wounded at Skirmish at Cooke’s Spring, New Mexico​

1858: Adjutant for United States Army Mounted Rifles​

1858 – 1860: Recruiter for United States Army​

1860: Conductor of recruits in New Mexico Territory​

1860: Served in the Navajo Expedition​

1860 – 1861: Served in Albuquerque, New Mexico​

1861: Declined Brevet Captain and Assistant Adjutant General​

Civil War Career:

1861: Captain United States Mounted Rifles​

1861 – 1866: Captain United States Army, 3rd​ Cavalry Regiment​

1861: Captured by Texans in San Agustin Springs, New Mexico​

1861 – 1862: Prisoner of War held by the Texans​

1862 – 1863: Colonel of 130th​ New York Infantry Regiment​

1862 – 1863: Served in Suffolk, Virginia​

1863: Served on Major General Keyes Peninsula Expedition​

1863 – 1864: Colonel of 1st​ New York Dragoons Regiment​

1863 – 1864: Commander of Cavalry Reserve Brigade​

1863: Guarded the Supply Train in Battle of Mine Run​

1864: Commander of Cavalry Reserve Brigade 1st​ Cavalry Division​

1864: Served in the Battle of Todd’s Tavern​

1864: Served in the Capture of Spotsylvania Court House​

1864: Served in the Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia​

1864: Served in the Battle of Cold Harbor​

1864: Brevetted Major for Gallantry at Trevilian Station, Virginia​

1864: Regimental Commander in the Shenandoah Campaign​

1864: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry Battle of Winchester, Virginia​

1864 – 1866: Brigadier General Union Army Volunteers​

1864: Raid Commander on Gordonsville, Virginia​

1865: Commander of Reserve Cavalry Brigade on Sheridan’s Raid​

1865: Served in the fighting at North and South Anna Bridges​

1865: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry Battle of Five Forks​

1865: Brevetted Brigadier General for his service in the war​

1865: Brevetted Major General for his service in the war​

1865: Served in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia​

1865: Served in the Battle of Saylor’s Creek, Virginia​

1865: Served in the Battle of Appomattox Court House, Virginia​

1865: Commander of 1st​ Cavalry Brigade Military Division of the Gulf​

1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on February 1st​​

Occupation after the Civil War:

1861 – 1866: Captain United States Army, 3rd​ Cavalry Regiment​

1866: Recruiter for the United States Army​

1866 – 1868: Major United States Army, 7th​ Cavalry Regiment​

1866 – 1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Riley, Kansas​

1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Harker, Kansas​

1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Riley, Kansas​

1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Harker, Kansas​

1867 – 1868: Frontier Duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas​

1868: Frontier Duty at Forts Dodge and Harker, Kansas​

1868: Frontier Duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas​

Died:

December 26, 1868 Fort Levenworth, Kansas while on active duty.

A Deeper Military History

Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy from July 1, 1842, to July 1,1816, when he was graduated and promoted in the Army to Bvt. SECOND LIEUTENANT., MOUNTED RIFLES, JULY 1, 1846.

Served: in garrison at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.,1846; in the War with Mexico, 1846-48, being engaged in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mar. 9-29, 1847,– Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 17-18, 1847, where he was wounded, Battle of Contreras, August. 19-20,1847,-Battle of Churubusco, and in Kearny’s charge on the San Antonio Garita, August. 20, 1847,-Battle of Chapultepec, Sep. 13, 1847,-and Assault and Capture of the City of Mexico,


September. 13-14, 1847; as Aide-de-Camp to Major General P. F. Smith, March 27, 1848, to July 1. 1856 – in Mexico,1848, -en route to California, 1848-49, Pacific Division,1849-52,– and Department of Texas, 1852-56; on frontier duty at


Ft.Fillmore, N.M., 1856-57,–Scouting, 1857, being engaged against Apache Indians in a Skirmish at Cooke’s Spring, N.M., Mar.8,1857, where he was severely wounded, Ft. Fillmore, N. M ., 1857,-Ft.Union, N. M. ,1857-58,– and as Adjutant Mounted Rifles, Marc. 24, to Sep. 15,1858; on Recruiting service, 1858-60; and on frontier duty, h conducting recruits to New Mexico,1860, -Navajo Expedition, N. M., 1860, -Albuquerque, N.M., 1860-61 (Depot Commissary), – – and on March to Ft . Fillmore , N.M., being captured by Texas Insurgents at San Augustine Springs, N.M., July 8, 1861, and paroled until exchanged,Aug. 27,1862.


— Served during the Rebellion of the Seceding States, 1862-66: in command of Ft . Wayne, Michigan., Dec., 1861, to August., 1862; in Operations about Suffolk, Virgina Va.,Sep. 15, 1862, to June 13, 1863, being engaged in the Action of“ Deserted House,”Jan. 29,1863,

— and Defense of Suffolk, May 11-20, 1863; on Major-General Keyes’ Peninsular Expedition towards Richmond , June 13 July 12, 1863; at the Headquarters of the Provost-Marshal of the Army of the Potomac, July 19 – August. 1, 1863; in organizing Regiment as Cavalry, at Manasens Plains, and guarding Orangea and Alexandria Railroad, Va., August. 1st to November. 26, 1863, being engaged in Skirmishes, Oct. 17 and Nov. 9, 1863; in command of Cavalry Reserve Brigade (Army of the Potomac), November. 26, 1863, to April. 1st, 1864, being engaged in guarding supply train during Mine Run operations, Dec., 1863,- and in Attack at Barnet’s Ford,February. 11th, 1864; in the Richmond Campaign, commanding CavalryReserve Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Army of the Potomac),May 7th to Aug.5th, 1864, being engaged in the Combat of Todd’s Tavern, May 7,1864,- Capture of Spottsylvania Court House., May 8. 1864, -“Sheridan’s First Raid” to Haxall’s Landing, and returning to New Castle, May9-29, 1864, participating in the engagements at Beaver Dam, May9-10, Yellow Tavern, May 11, Meadow Bridge, May 12, Mechanicsville, May 12, Hanover Town, May 27, and Hawes’ Shop, May 28,1864, -Action of Old Church, May 30, 1804,- Combat of Cold Harbor, May31-June1,1864,-and “Sheridan’s Second Raid” to Trevillian Station and Light – house Point, June 7 – 28, 1864, participating in the engagements at Trevillian Station, June 12, Mallory’s Ford, June 12, Tunstall’s Station, June 21, and Darby Town,June 28, 1861; in the Shenandoah Campaign, commanding Regiment,Aug. 6, to Dec. 8,1864, Cavalry Reserve Brigade, Dec.12-30, and Cavalry Division, Dec.30, 1861, toJ an.15, 1865, being engaged in Skirmishes at Newtown, Aug. 11, Cedarville, Aug. 16, Kearnysville, Aug. 25, Sheppardstown, Aug.25,Smithfield,Aug. 28, and Crossing of the Opequan, Aug. 29,1864,-Battle of Opequan, Sep. 19, 1864


–Battle of Fisher’s Hill, Sep. 22, 1864 ,

— Skirmises of MountJackson, September. 23, New Market, September.25, Port Republic, September. 26, Cross Keys, September. 28, Tom’s Run, Oct. 9, Woodstock Races, Oct. 9, and Strasburg, October. 14, 1864,

-Battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864,

–Skirmish of Middletown, Nov. 12, 1864,-and commanding Raid on Gordonsville, Dec. 9-29, 1864; on leave of absence, January. 18 to February. 5th, 1865; in command of Reserve Cavalry Brigade on “Sheridan’s Sixth Raid” on Virginia Central and Danville Railroads, and James River Canal, Feb.27 – Mar.20, 1865, being engaged in the Actions of the North and South Anna Bridges, March. 14- 15, 1865; in command of Cavalry Brigade in the final Attack and Pursuit of the Rebel Army of Northern Virginia, March. 29 to
April. 9, 1865, be engaged in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House., Mar. 31, 1865,– Battle of Five Forks, April. 1st, 1865

— Battle of Sailor’s Creek, April 6th, 1865,

–Action of Appomattox Station, April. 8th, 1865 -and Surrender of General R. E. Lee, at Appomattox C. H.,Apr. 9, 1865; and in command of 1st Brigade, Cavalry Forces (Military Division of the Gulf), Aug. 20 to Oct. 17, 1865, and of 1st Division, Oct. 17 to Dec.15,1865; on leave of absence, Jan. 15 to Apr. 30,1866; on Recruiting service, Apr. 30 to Sep. 30, 1866; on frontier duty at Ft. Riley, Kansas., Oct., 1866, to January. 4,1867,- and at Ft. Harker, Kansas., Jan. 4, 1867.

(Bvt. SECOND LIEUTENANT., MOUNTED RIFLES,JULY 1,1846.)

(Bvt. FIRST LIEUTENANT.,APRIL.18, 1847,FOR GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS CONDUCT IN THE BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO, Mexico.)

(Bvt. CAPT., SEPTEMBER. 13, 1847, FOR GALLANT CONDUCT AT GARITADE BELEN, CITY OF MEXICO)

(SECOND LIEUT., MOUNTED RIFLES, Dec. 31,1847)

(First LIEUT., MOUNTED RIFLES, May 31,1853)

(CAPTAIN, MOUNTED RIFLES,May 13,1861: 3D CAVALRY, Aug. 3, 1861)

(Bvt. Capt. STAFF  – Asst.  ADJUTANT GENERAL, May11, 1861: DECLINED PROMOTION)

(COLONEL, 130TH N. Y. VOLUNTEERS, SEP. 6, 1862 : 1s. N. Y. DRAGOONS, AT THE BATTLE OF TREVILLIAN STATION, VA.)

(Bvt. LIEUT.-COL.,SEP. 19,1864,FOR GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS
SERVICES AT THE BATTLE OF WINCHESTER, VA.)

(BVT.COLONEL,MAR.13,1865,For GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS SERVICES AT THE BATTLE OF FIVE FORKS,VA.)

(Bvt. BRIGADIER-GENERAL, U.S. ARMY, MAR. 13, 1865, FOR GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS SERVICES IN THE FIELD DURING THE REBELLION)

(Bvt. MAJOR-GENERAL, U.S. VOLUNTEERS, MAR. 13, 1865, FOR GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS SERVICES DURING THE REBELLION)

(Bvt. MAJOR-GENERAL, U.S. ARMY, MAR. 13, 1865,FOR GALLANT AND MERITORIOUS SERVICES DURING THE REBELLION )


(MUSTENED OUT OF VOLUNTEER SERVICE,FEB.1,1866)


(SENIOR MAJOR, 7TH CAVALRY, JULY 28, 1866)