1st Dragoons Regiment
Mustered in as 130th Regiment of Infantry: September 2, 1862
Converted to Cavalry: July 28,1863
Designated 19th Regiment of Cavalry: August 11, 1863
Designated 1st Regiment of Dragoons: September 10, 1863.
Mustered out: June 30
THE FOLLOWING IS TAKEN FROM NEW YORK IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION, 3RD ED. FREDERICK PHISTERER. ALBANY: J. B. LYON COMPANY, 1912.
July 25, 1862, Col. William S. Fullerton, succeeded by Col. Alfred Gibbs, received authority to recruit a regiment of infantry — the 130th — in the counties of Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming. It was organized at Portage, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, on the 2d of September, 1862. It was converted, July 28, 1863, into a regiment of cavalry, and August 11, 1863, designated the 19th Regiment of Cavalry; this designation was changed September 10, 1863, to 1st Regiment of Dragoons. The companies were recruited principally: A at Castile, Gainesville, Pike, Portage, Perry and Genesee Falls; B at Dansville, Mt. Morris, Portage, Groveland, Scottsburg and Leicester; C at Attica, Eagle, Colesville, Bennington, Arcade, China, Oramel, Sheldon, Java and Portageville; D at Middleburg, Warsaw, Wyoming, Perry, Covington and Wethersfield; E at Wellsville, Andover and Independence; F at Portageville, Oramel, Hume and Centre-ville; G at Angelica, Lima, Genesee Falls, Conesus, Livonia and Springwater; H at Bird-.-sall, Almont, Oramel, Amity, Genesee Falls, Portageville, Belmont, Ward and Alfred; I at Nunda, Grove, Burns, Portage and Belfort; and K at Dansville and Genesee Falls.
The regiment (ten companies) left the State September 6, 1862, and served at Suffolk, Va., from September 13, 1862; in Terry’s Brigade, Peck’s, later Corcoran’s, Division, 7th Corps, from March, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 7th Corps, from June, 1863; in the Army of the Potomac, from July, 1863; in the Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry, Army of Potomac, from August, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Potomac, from. September, 1864; with the Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864; and with the Army of the Potomac, from March 1865.
It was mustered out and honorably discharged, commanded by Col. Thomas J. Thorp, June 30, 1865, at Cloud’s Mills, Va., having, during its service, lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 88 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 39 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 142 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 269 enlisted men; ; aggregate, 274; of whom 36 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
THE FOLLOWING IS TAKEN FROM THE UNION ARMY: A HISTORY OF MILITARY AFFAIRS IN THE LOYAL STATES, 1861-65 — RECORDS OF THE REGIMENTS IN THE UNION ARMY — CYCLOPEDIA OF BATTLES — MEMOIRS OF COMMANDERS AND SOLDIERS, VOLUME II: NEW YORK, MARYLAND, WEST VIRGINIA, AND OHIO. MADISON, WI: FEDERAL PUB. CO., 1908.
First Dragoons.—Cols., Alfred Gibbs, Thomas J. Thorp; Lieut.- Cols., Thomas J. Thorp, Rufus Scott; Majs., Rufus Scott, Jacob W. Knapp, Howard M. Smith. This regiment was organized in the summer of 1862 at Portage, as the 130th infantry and served as such at Suffolk, Va., and in Keyes’ corps on the Peninsula. The companies of which it was composed were recruited in the counties of Allegany, Livingston, and Wyoming. It was mustered into the U. S. service at Portage, on Sept. 2, 1862, for three years. On July 28, 1863, it was transferred to the mounted service, and designated the 19th cavalry on Aug. 11, but this designation was changed on Sept. 10, to ist regiment of dragoons. The regiment—ten companies— left the state on Sept. 6, 1862, and served as above noted. During its entire mounted service, it was in the ist cavalry division,, Army of the Potomac. It was drilled in its new duties by Col. Gibbs, who belonged to the U. S. cavalry service, and as a regiment of dragoons made its first fight near Manassas Junction in Oct. 1863, sustaining a loss of 10 killed, wounded, and missing. The regiment moved on Grant’s campaign of 1864 with about 400 carbines and fought desperately in the Wilderness (at Todd’s tavern), dismounted, sustaining a loss of 20 killed, 36 wounded, and 35 missings, the heaviest loss of any cavalry regiment in any one action during the war. It took part with loss in Gen. Sheridan’s Raid to the James River in May; at Cold Harbor the tired troopers were aroused from their sleep on the ground and ordered into the breastworks, which they gallantly defended throughout the night, inspired by the music of their band. The losses at Cold Harbor aggregated 35 killed, wounded and missing. Sadly reduced in numbers, the gallant dragoons moved with Sheridan on the raid to Trevilian Station, where they were warmly engaged, their casualties in that action amounting to 16 killed, 61 wounded, and 8 missing. The regiment fought with Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley and shared in the glories of the final Appomattox campaign. It gained a high reputation among brigade and division generals for discipline and efficiency. Under command of Col. Thorp, it was mustered out and discharged on June 30, 1865, at Cloud’s Mills, Va., having participated in about 65 battles and skirmishes. It lost 4 officers and 127 men killed and mortally wounded; i officer and 142 men by disease, accident, in prison, etc.; a total of 274. Its loss in killed and mortally wounded was exceeded by only five cavalry regiments in the service. Corp. Chester B. Bowen; Com.-Sergt. Andrew J. Lorish and Lieut. William M. Winegar was awarded medals of honor for gallantry in action.