Biography of a Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General

Photo of Brevet Brigadier General Caspar Crowninshield. I have tried to enhance this images as best as I could. This image links to the orginal I found online.

Brevet Brigadier General Caspar Crowninshield

Born and educated in Boston, Massachusetts, he graduated from Harvard University in 1860. He soon joined the family business but enlisted in the Union Army at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Initially commissioned as a Captain, he served with Company D of the 20th Massachusetts Infantry before transferring to the 1st Massachusetts Volunteer Cavalry. His military career saw rapid advancement; he was promoted to Major in 1863 and became second in command of the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry.
In November 1864, following the death of the regiment’s commander, he was promoted to Colonel and took over leadership of the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry. He served under Major General Philip Sheridan during key campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley and at Appomattox, where he was present at General Robert E. Lee’s surrender. For his “gallant and meritorious service,” he was brevetted Brigadier General, US Volunteers on May 20, 1865, at the age of twenty-seven. He mustered out of service on June 20, 1865.
After the war, he returned to the family business, although his primary focus shifted to leading the life of a gentleman.

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